There are a lot of things that you can do when capturing movements in images. May it be small, slow, or subtle movement, you can create interesting possibilities and opportunities in emphasizing movements of participants, not just in sports but in different types of photography.
Here are three basic but valuable tips on how to capture image movement effectively:
1. Slow Down Your Shutter Speed
Blur is simply caused and determined by how long the amount of time that the shutter of a camera is open allowing your camera’s image sensor to see and capture the movement of your subject. So tip no. 1 in capturing movement in an image is to select and use a longer shutter speed. If your shutter speed is fast like 1/4000th of a second, it’s not going to see much movement (unless your subject is moving super fast), but selecting a longer shutter speed like around 5 seconds, you will have your blur at the slightest movement of your subject.
You might ask, how long should my shutter speed be to capture movement blur in my shot? There is no definite answer to this, as it will vary a lot depending on the speed of your subject, how much blur you want and how much light you have. The key is to experiment and take as many shots as you want to get the kind of movement blur you want.
2. Secure Your Camera
You may capture movement of your images in two ways; either you make your subject move or have your camera move. But majority are keeping their camera still while capturing a moving subjet. With this kind of technique, you will have to keep your camera perfectly still by either having a camera tripod or making your camera sit on a still object. To keep it really perfectly still, you may want to use a shutter release mechanism or a self timer to avoid camera movement when you manually press the shutter.
3. Select Shutter Priority Mode
To give you more control over your shutter speed, you can either switch your camera into full manual mode or shutter priority mode. Shutter Priority Mode allows you to set your shutter speed and the camera chooses other settings (like Aperture) to ensure the shot is well exposed. You can play with it until you get the movement effect that you’re after without worrying about badly exposed shots. Manual mode is the other option if you feel more confident in getting the aperture/shutterspeed balance right.
Another interesting aspect in capturing moving objects are “light trails”. Light trail is a very popular subject for many budding and professional photographers. Capturing light trails can be a great training for those wanting to shoot in low light and longer exposures.
Here are eight nice sample photos of captured moving objects with light trails. Again, these are high quality photos 3000 X 2000 pixels in size, 300 dpi resolution. Great for your backgrounds and printing purposes.
8 High Resolution Light Trail Images